Effects mining strip strip

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In light of the energy shortage, extraction of coal by strip mining techniques can be expected to continue and expand. According to a recent government report, it has been estimated that over 50 percent of U. In the past strip mining was generally conducted with little regard for its effect on the environment. This has resulted in erosion and water pollution and left areas esthetically scarred and unusable for agriculture, grazing, or recreational use. Techniques are available to reclaim abandoned strip mined lands and to conduct mining in a way that prevents detrimental environmental effects. Authorities emphasize the importance of premining planning and point out that reclamation is less costly and more effective when integrated with the mining operation.
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Surface mining

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Chapter 2: The Environmental Effects of Strip Mining - The Strip Mining Handbook

A ll mining operations have a disruptive effect on the environment, but the sheer volume of material involved in strip mining makes the impact on the environment especially acute. Surface mining another name for "strip mining" can severely erode the soil or reduce its fertility; pollute waters or drain underground water reserves; scar or altar the landscape; damage roads, homes, and other structures ; and destroy wildlife. The dust and particles from mining roads, stockpiles, and lands disturbed by mining are a significant source of air pollution. In order to participate effectively in controlling the abuses of strip mining, it is important to understand the basic techniques of surface mining and the types of environmental damage that can result.
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Category By country. Surface mining , including strip mining , open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining , is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit the overburden are removed, in contrast to underground mining , in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels. Surface mining began in the midth century [2] [ dubious — discuss ] and is practiced throughout the world in the mining of many different minerals, although the majority of surface coal mining occurs in North America.
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